“Are You Frustrated Coming Home to Smelly Pet Urine Odors and Embarrassing Pet Stains?”
Pets… Oh, how we love them. Cats and dogs provide a variety of benefits within households, they can also create challenges. A pet accident on carpet can leave much more than just a stain and lasting unpleasant smell. Pet urine can be a very destructive stain, and can permanently damage or alter the dyes in carpet and fabrics in a very short period of time. Damage to the carpet backing and latex may also occur, delaminating being the most common.
Urine Volume Chart
Based upon approximate urine volumes, a small dog marking its territory can deposit 75 ml of urine twice a day for an average of over 50 liters of urine over a 12 month period. If you suspect that such a problem exists in your home, the best solution to this size of contamination is professional services.
Unlike dogs, cats do not urinate for territorialism. This behavioral pattern in male cats is accomplished by spraying primarily on vertical surfaces. Although spraying is typically done on a vertical surface (such as a couch and the walls) it could also conceivably come in contact with a carpet. Typically, because cat diets are richer in protein than dog diets, their urine will produce harsher odors and are more likely to cause stains. In almost all cases, cat urine is the worst perpetrator for pet urine stains and pet urine odors.
Facts About Pet Urine in Your Carpet
Speed is critical. The longer the urine sits on your carpeting, the more difficult it will be to remove the stain and the odor.
The sex, breed of the animal, it’s health and it’s diet, all play factors in whether or not a urine spot will become a permanent stain. The urine of a female dog is often more acidic than a male dogs, and thus more inclined to leave a permanent stain.
Most carpeting installed in homes today is nylon. When nylon carpeting is manufactured, a hot, acid based dye solution is applied to the carpet fibers to give them the desired color. Nylon carpet fibers are designed to accept these acid dyes. When a pet urinates on the carpeting, it deposits a warm, acid based liquid to the carpet, putting the carpet through a process similar to the original dye process. Most new carpet stain warranties exclude pet urine stains, because urine is often strong enough to penetrate the stain resistant treatment and permanently stain the carpeting.
As urine dries the liquid evaporates, leaving urine crystals or salts which consist of bacteria, urochrome, uric acid, urea, proteins and hormones. As the urine dries the crystals become more concentrated and the odor more pungent. Simple cleaning will not remove this odor.
Urine is of course water based and contains salt crystals . Once the urine dries, the crystals which are left behind are activated by excessive humidity (or rainy days) and the smell comes back.